This book reviews Africans whose life and thought have left a major impact on the world. It focuses on the Senegalese physicist, historian, and linguist, Dr. Cheikh Anta Diop, who was born in Diourbel, Senegal, in 1923 and died in Dakar in 1986. No figure in the field of African civilization studies has been more highly regarded in the French- and English-speaking worlds than Diop. In 1966 the First World Festival of Arts and Culture attributed jointly to the late W.E.B. DuBois and Dr. Cheikh Anta Diop its "Award of the Scholar who had exerted the greatest influence on Negro thought in the 20th century". This book contains nearly 100 illustrations.